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Relationships Among Alexithymia, Adverse Childhood Experiences

CITATION:  Honkalampi, K., Koivumaa-Honkanen,H.,  et al. (2004) Relationships Among Alexithymia, Adverse Childhood Experiences, Sociodemographic Variables, and Actual Mood Disorder: A 2-Year Clinical Follow-Up Study of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder.  Psychosomatics. Washington: May/Jun 2004.Vol.45, Iss. 3;  pg. 197, 8 pgs.

ABSTRACT:  This 2-year follow-up study examined relationships among alexithymia, adverse childhood experiences, sociodemographic variables, and actual mood disorder among patients with major depressive disorder (N = 106). Alexithymia was assessed with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), depression with the Beck Depression Inventory, and actual mood disorder with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R. A questionnaire that assessed sociodemographic characteristics and adverse childhood experiences was also used. Long-lasting alexithymic features were associated with blue-collar work, harsh discipline, unhappiness of the childhood home, depression at 12 months, and major depressive disorder diagnosis at 24 months. Furthermore, the results showed that alexithymic features could also be situational reactions to depression.


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