CENTER ON BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
Behavioral Genetics: Research Article
Geary, DC and Bjorklundoh, K. B. (2000). Evolutionary
Psychology. Child Development, Volume 71,
Number 1, Pages 57–65.
ABSTRACT: Evolutionary developmental psychology is the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (gene– environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. The basic assumptions and domains of this emerging field, as related to human life history and social and cognitive development, are outlined, as are implications for issues of importance in contemporary society.
Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bell, S. M. (1970). Attachment, exploration and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of oneyear-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41 , 49–67.
Atran, S. (1998). Folk biology and the anthropology of science: Cognitive universals and cultural particulars. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21 , 547–609.
Baltes, P. B. (1997). On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny: Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory. American Psychologist, 52 , 366–380.
Bard, K. A. (1995). Parenting in primates. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 2. Biology and ecology of parenting (pp. 27–58). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
Barton, R. A. (1996). Neocortex size and behavioural ecology in primates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 263 , 173–177.
Belsky, J., Steinberg, L., & Draper, P. (1991). Childhood experience, interpersonal development, and reproductive strategy: An evolutionary theory of socialization. Child Development, 62 , 647–670.
Berlin, B., Breedlove, D. E., & Raven, P. H. (1973). General principles of classification and nomenclature in folk biology. American Anthropologist, 75 , 214–242.
Bjorklund, D. F. (1997). The role of immaturity in human development. Psychological Bulletin, 122 , 153–169.
Bjorklund, D. F., & Shackelford, T. K. (1999). Differences in parental investment contribute to important differences between men and women. Current Directions in Psycho-logical Science, 8 , 86–89.
Bogin, B. (1997). Evolutionary
for human child-
Brown, R. D., & Bjorklund, D. F. (1998). The biologizing of cognition, development, and education: Approach with cautious enthusiasm. Educational Psychology Review, 10 , 355–373.
Byrne, R. (1995). The thinking ape: Evolutionary origins of intelligence. New York: Oxford University Press.
Caporael, L. R. (1997). The evolution of truly social cognition: The core configurations model. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 1 , 276–298.
Charnov, E. L. (1993). Life history invariants: Some explorations of symmetry in evolutionary ecology. New York: Ox-ford University Press.
Cosmides, L., & Tooby, J. (1994). Origins of domain specificity: The evolution of functional organization. In L. A. Hirschfeld & S. A. Gelman (Eds.), Mapping the mind: Do-main specificity in cognition and culture (pp. 85–116). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Crick, N. R., & Bigbee, M. A. (1998). Relational and overt forms of peer victimization: A multiinformant approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66 , 337–347.
Daly, M., & Wilson, M.
New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Elman, J. L., Bates, E. A., Johnson, M. H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Parisi, D., & Plunkett, K. (1996). Rethinking innateness: A connectionist perspective on development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
Flinn, M. V., & England, B. (1995). Childhood stress and family environment. Current Anthropology, 36 , 854–866.
Geary, D. C. (1995). Reflections of evolution and culture in children’s cognition: Implications for mathematical development and instruction. American Psychologist, 50 , 24–37.
Geary, D. C. (1998). Male, female: The evolution of human sex diferences. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Geary, D. C. (1999). Evolution and developmental sex differences. Current Directions in Psychological Science, , 8 115–120.
Geary, D. C. (2000). Evolution and proximate expression of human paternal investment. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 55–77.
Gelman, R. (1990). First principles organize attention to and learning about relevant data: Number and animate-inanimate distinction as examples. Cognitive Science, 14 , 79–106.
Gilbert, S. F., Opitz, J. M., & Raff, R. A. (1996). Resynthesizing evolutionary and developmental biology. Developmental Biology, 173 , 357–372.
Goodall, J. (1986). The chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of behavior. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press.
Greenough, W. T. (1991). Experience as a component of normal development: Evolutionary considerations. Developmental Psychology, 27 , 14–17.
Hall, B. K. (1992). Evolutionary developmental biology. London: Chapman & Hall.
Harris, J. R. (1995). Where is the child’s environment? A group socialization theory of development. Psychological Review, 102 , 458–489.
Hauser, M. D. (1996). The evolution of communication. Cam-bridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
Joffe, T. H. (1997). Social pressures have selected for an ex-tended juvenile period in primates. Journal of Human Evolution, 32 , 593–605.
Keeley, L. H. (1996). War before civilization: The myth of the peaceful savage. New York: Oxford University Press.
Keil, F. C. (1992). The origins of an autonomous biology. In M. R. Gunnar & M. Maratsos (Eds.), Modularity and constraints in language and cognition: The Minnesota symposia on child psychology (Vol. 25, pp. 103–137). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Kuhl, P. K., Andruski, J. E., Chistovich, I. A., Chistovich, L. A., Kozhevnikova, E. V., Ryskina, V. L., Stolyarova, E. I., Sundberg, U., & Lacerda, F. (1997). Cross-language analysis of phonetic units in language addressed to infants. Science, 277 , 684–686.
Lancaster, J. B., & Lancaster, C. S. (1983). Parental investment: The hominid adaptation. In D. J. Ortner (Ed.), How humans adapt: A biocultural odyssey (pp. 33–56). Washing-ton, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Leigh, S. R. (1996). Evolution of human growth spurts. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 101 , 455–474. Maccoby, E. E. (1988). Gender as a social category. Developmental Psychology, 24 , 755–765.
Maccoby, E. E. (1998). The two sexes: Growing up apart, coming together. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
MacDonald, K. (1992). Warmth as a
construct: An evolutionary analysis. Child Development, 63 , 753–773.
Matthews, M. H. (1992). Making
place: Children’s understanding of large-scale environments. Savage,
Barnes & Noble Books.
Mayr, E. (1974). Behavior programs and evolutionary strategies. American Scientist, 62 , 650–659.
McHenry, H. M. (1994). Behavioral ecological implications of early hominid body size. Journal of Human Evolution, 27 , 77–87.
Pellegrini, A. D., & Smith, P. K. (1998). Physical activity play: The nature and function of a neglected aspect of play. Child Development, 69 , 577–598.
Pinker, S. (1994). The language instinct. New York: William Morrow.
Pinker, S. (1997). How the mind works. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
Povinelli, D. J., & Eddy, T. J. (1996). What young chimpanzees know about seeing. Monographs of the Society for Re-search in Child Development, 61 (3, Serial No. 247).
Premack, D., & Woodruff, G. (1978). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1 , 515–526.
Rowe, D. C., Almeida, D. M., & Jacobson, K. C. (1999). School context and genetic influences on aggression in adolescence. Psychological Science, 10 , 277–280.
Scarr, S. (1992). Developmental theories of the 1990s: Developmental and individual differences. Child Development, 63 , 1–19.
Scarr, S., & McCarthy, K. (1983). How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype l( environment effects. Child Development, 54 , 424–435.
Shepard, R. N. (1994). Perceptual-cognitive universals as reflections of the world. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 1 , 2–28.
Shrager, J., & Siegler, R. S. (1998). SCADS: A model of children’s strategy choices and strategy discoveries. Psycho-logical Science, 9 , 405–410.
Siegler, R. S. (1996). Emerging minds: The process of change in children’s thinking. New York: Oxford University Press.
Smith, P. K. (1982). Does play matter? Functional and evolutionary aspects of animal and human play. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 5 , 139–184.
Tanner, J. M. (1990). Foetus into man: Physical growth from con ception to maturity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Trivers, R. L. (1974). Parent-offspring conflict. American Zoologist, 14 , 249–264.
Turkewitz, G., & Kenny, P. (1982). Limitations on input as a basis for neural organization and perceptual development: A preliminary theoretical statement. Developmental Psychobiology, 15 , 357–368.
Waddington, C. H. (1942). Canalization of development and the inheritance of acquired characteristics. Nature, 150 , 563–565.
Weiner, J. (1995). The beak of
New York: Vintage Books.