ENVIRONMENTAL INTOLERANCES and TOXINS
Environmental Intolerances and Toxins-Chemical: Related Paper
Toxic Pesticides in Schools
presared by: Beyond Pesticides
701 E Street, SE
Washington DC 20003
202-543-5450 phone. 202-543-4791 fax
|X = Adverse effects
B2 = U.S. EPA weight-of-evidence category, “probable human carcinogen, sufficient evidence in
animals and inadequate or no evidence in humans.”
C = U.S. EPA weight-of-evidence category, “possible human carcinogen” rating.
D = U.S. EPA weight-of-evidence category, “not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity,” usually
due to inadequate data.
2B = International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization (IARC) category,
the agent (mixture) is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
Likely = U.S. EPA, “Likely to be carcinogenic to humans.”
List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. Office of
2 Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET) Pesticide Information Profiles, ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/ghindex.html.
3 U.S. EPA. 2000. Table 1: Toxicity Data by Category for Chemicals Listed Under EPCRA Section 313. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Program. www.epa.gov/tri/chemical/hazard_categories.pdf.
4 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. www.cdc.gov/niosh/rtecs/tb48alc0.html.
5 U.S. EPA. Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Factsheet. Office of Pesticide Program. www.epa.gov/oppsrrd1/REDs/.
6 Illinois EPA. 1997. Illinois EPA Endocrine Disruptors Strategy. Springfield, IL. www.nihs.go.jp/hse/environ/illiepatable.htm.
7 U.S. EPA. 2003. Handbook for Non-Cancer Health Effects Valuation, Appendix C: Case Studies, Economic Valuation of Endocrine Disruption: Introduction. Science Policy Council. www.epa.gov/osp/spc/Endoqs.htm.
8 California EPA. 2003. Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. www.oehha.org/prop65/prop65/list/71103LSTA.html.
9 National Library of Medicine, TOXNET, Hazardous Substances Database, http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/.
10 World Health Organization. 1990. d-Phenothrin. Environmental Health Criteria. Geneva.
11 Cox, C. 2002. “Piperonyl Butoxide.” Journal of Pesticide Reform 22(2): 12-20. www.pesticide.org/PiperonylButoxide.pdf.
12 National Pesticide Information Center. Pesticide Fact Sheets. http://ace.orst.edu/info/npic/npicfact.htm.
13 U.S. EPA. 1999. Table 4: Cancer Data for Chemicals Listed Under EPCRA Section 313.
14 National Cancer Institute epidemiological evidence.
15 Environmental Defense Fund, Scoreboard Database, www.scorecard.org/chemical-profiles/.
16 U.S. EPA. 2003. 2,4-D. Technology Transfer Network, Air Toxics Website. www.epa.gov/ttnatw01/hlthef/di-oxyac.html.
17 Material Data Safety Sheet for DSMA, www.horizononline.com/MSDS_Sheets/195.txt.
18 New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. Right to Know Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets. http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/rtkhsfs.htm.
19 Cornell University. 1985. Prometon Herbicide Profile. Ithaca, NY. http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/.
is a compilation analysis by Beyond Pesticides with data collected
surveys on pesticide use and pest management practices from around the
country. Surveys include:
Addiss, S., et al. 1999. Pest Control Practices in CT Public Schools. Environment and Human Health, Inc. http://www.ehhi.org/reports/pestschools/
Agricultural Resources Center & Pesticide Education Project. 2003. Clean Schools, Safe Kids. www.PESTed.orgAlabama Cooperative Extension. 2000.
Alabama School Pest Management Survey
Becker, B., et al. 1998. Final Report on Pesticide Use in Wisconsin Schools. Publication # AR-263. Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection
Braband, et al. 2002. Pest Management Practices: A survey of public school districts in New York State. NYS Education Department, the NYS Department of Health, and the NYS Community IPM Program. http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/comm/school.html
Californians for Pesticide Reform. 2002. Learning Curve: Charting Progress of Pesticide Use and the Healthy Schools Act. California Public Interest Research Group Charitable Trust. http://www.calhealthyschools.org
Delahaut, K. 2001. Wisconsin's Program for School Pest Management Protects Children. http://www1.uwex.edu/news/story.cfm/433
Fournier, A., et al. 2003. Implementation of Pilot Integrated Pest Management Programs in Indiana Schools and Child Care Facilities. http://www.in.gov/idem/envirohealth/ ipmstudy.html
Iowa State University Extension. 2000. Iowa School Pesticide Use Survey. http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/schoolipm/node/view/106
Lilley, S., et al. 2002. Pest Control Practices in North Carolina Public Schools. http://ipm.ncsu.edu/urban/cropsci/ SchoolIPM/reports.html. Long, J. 1998. IPM in Schools Final Report. Pennsylvania Integrated Pest Management Program. http://paipm.cas.psu.edu/schools/Schoolsum.html
Loudon, E. 1999. Weed Wars: Pesticide Use in Washington Schools. Washington Toxics Coalition. Seattle WA. www.watoxics.org
Maryland Public Interest Research Group. 1998. A Report on Pesticide Use in Maryland Schools. www.pirg.org/marypirg
Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group, 1996. Primary Exposure: Pesticides in Massachusetts Schools. http://www.pirg.org/masspirg/index.htm
Miller, Susanne. 2002. Reading, Writing and Raid(R). The Vermont Public Interest Research Group, Inc. http://www.vpirg.org/campaigns/ environmentalHealth/pesticide_report.pdf
Minnesota Department of Agriculture. 2002. Pest Management Survey of Day Cares, Head Starts, and Preschools. http://www.mda.state.mn.us/ipm/ipmpubs.html. Mitchell, K., ed. 1999. Pesticide Report Card: Texas Schools Score from A to F in the Integrated Pest Management Program. Texas Pesticide Information Network/Consumers Union. http://www.texascenter.org/txpin/right.htm
Murray, K., 2000. What's Bugging Our Schools?: Pest Concerns and Pesticide Use in Maine Public Schools. Maine Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources. http://www.state.me.us/agriculture/pesticides/schoolipm/schoolipm _report.pdf
New York State Environmental Protection Bureau. 2000. Pesticide Use at New York Schools: Reducing the Risk. http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/reports/pesticide_school/table_of_contents. html
Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides and Oregon Center for Environmental Health. 1998. Pesticide Use by the Portland School District. http://www.pesticide.org/PDXSchools.html
Ohio State University. 2001. Ohio Schools Pest Management Survey. http://ipm.osu.edu/school/survey.htm
Olle, T. 2000. "P" is for Poison: Update on Pesticide Use in California Schools. CALPIRG Charitable Trust and Californians for Pesticide Reform. http://www.pirg.org/calpirg/reports/ healthyschools.pdf
Safer Pest Control Project. 1998. Pesticide Use in Illinois Public Schools: Survey Findings. http://www.spcpweb.org/resultsummary.pdf
Rumph, M., et al. 2000. Report of the Alabama IPM in Schools Working Group "2000 Alabama School IPM Survey."
Sterling, P., et al. 1999. Chemicals in Classrooms: Pesticides and Maintenance Chemicals in Vermont Schools. Vermont Public Interest Research Group. http://www.vpirg.org/PUBS/reports.html
Coalition. 2004. A Lesson in Prevention: Measuring Pesticide Use in
Environmental Decade and Citizens for a Better Environment. 1998.
of Wisconsin Department of Agriculture and Trade Survey on Pesticide
in Schools. www.wsn.org/pesticides/schools.shtml.