CENTER ON BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
ENVIRONMENTAL INTOLERANCES and TOXINSEnvironmental Intolerances and Toxins-Chemical: Research Article
|CITATION: Braun, J.M. Kahn, R.S.,
Froehlich, T., Auinger,
P., Lanphear, B.P. (2006).
Exposures to environmental toxicants and
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of exposures to tobacco smoke and environmental lead with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) .
Methods: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2002. Prenatal and postnatal tobacco exposure was based on parent report ; lead exposure was measured using blood lead concentration. ADHD was defined as having current stimulant medication use and parent report of ADHD diagnosed by a doctor or health professional.
Results: Of 4,704 children
4–15 years of age, 4.2% were
reported to have ADHD and stimulant medication use, equivalent to 1.8
children in the
Conclusions: We conclude that exposure to prenatal
environmental lead are risk factors for ADHD in
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