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Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Developmental Disabilities


Citation:  Brown, K.A. and Patel, D.R.  (2005).  Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Developmental Disabilities.  Indian J Pediatr 72 (11):  949-952.

Abstract:  Developmental disabilities (DO) are defined as a diverse group of severe chronic conditions due to mental and/or physical impairments. Individuals with developmental disabilities have difficultywith major life activities including language, mobility, and learning. Developmental disabilities can begin anytime during development - from prenatal up to 22 years of age, and the disability usually lasts throughout a person's lifetime. Autism spectrum disorders, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are common conditions falling within the definition of developmental disabilities.  Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)is becoming increasingly utilized in the general population for treatment of everything from the common cold to complex and chronic medical conditions. This article reviews the prevalence of different types of CAM used for various developmental disabities.

              Table 1
 

Developmental Disability CAM
Therapies
Autistic Spectrum Disorders Folic acid, Vitamin B6 and Mg, Vitamin BI2, Vitamin C, Vitamin A,   Essential fatty acids, DMG/TMG (dimethylglycine-pantothenic acid), Tryptophan and Tyrosine, Ketogenic diet, Gluten-free/ Casein-free diet, Specific carbohydrate diet, Low phenylalanine diet, Antifungal medicatiori, Antiviral medication, D-Cycloserine (antibiotic), Secretin, Pepcld, Cyproheptadine, Oxytocin, lV Ig,  Heavymetal chelation, Withholding immunizations, Behavioral optometry, Craniosacral manipulation, Fadlitated communication, Auditory integration training (AlT), Music therapy.
Cerebral palsy Non-specified dietary therapy, Massage therapy, Acupuncture/ Acupressure, Aquatherapy, Chiropractic manipulation,Osteopathic manipulation, Hyperbaric oxygen, Hippotherapy (equine-assisted therapy)/Craniosacral therapy, Feldenkrals method, Therapeutic electrical stimulation, 
Conductive education, Euromed/Adelli suit program, Patterning (Doman Delacato method), Prayer/spirituaI blessing, Reiki/ Ayurveda, Homeopathy (stramonium cina. hyoscayamus niger),  Music therapy, Light therapy, Virtual reality play.
 
ADHD lron, Essential fatty adds, Grapine and L-gtutamine, oligoantigenic diet, Feingold/additive-free diet, Sugar restriction diet, Homeopathy (stramonium cina, hyoscayamus niger), Herbal medicines (Ginko biloba, Melissa offidnalis), EEG Biofeedback (neurotherapy), Play Attention, Yoga, Massage therapy, Green outdoor settings.
Mental Retardation and Down
Syndrome
Combined nutritional therapies (mixture of 48 components including thyroid globulin, organic iodine, and minerals), Antioxidants (Vitamins A, B6, thiamine, niacin, C, E), Selenium and Zinc, Donepezil, Piracetam, Vasopressin, Pituitary extract, Growth honnone, Cell therapy, Plastit surgery, Music therapy.
Learning Disabilities EEG Biofeedback (neurotherapy) 
Visual Impairment Music therapy

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