Traditional Approaches-Psychological:  Research Article

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Chronic Pain and Psychodynamic Body Therapy

Citation:  Monsen, Kirsti and Monsen, Jon T..  Chronic Pain and Psychodynamic Body Therapy: a controlled outcome study. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training  Vol. 37, No. 3, p 257-269

Abstract::  Forty patients with pain disorders participated in a controlled study. Half of the patients were treated with psychodynamic body therapy (PBT) for 33 sessions, and the other half received treatment as usual (TAU) or no treatment (NTAU). All patients were evaluated before therapy (T1), at the end of therapy (T2), and at 1-year follow-up (T3) with a visual-analogue (VAS)-pain scale (subjective experience of pain), symptom checklist (SCL-90-R), inventory of interpersonal problems (IIP-C), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), and the affect-consciousness interview (ACI). The study demonstrated that at T2 the pain was significantly reduced in the PBT group compared to the controls, and 50% of the PBT patients reported no pain. The findings further showed a significant and substantial change on level of somatization, depression, anxiety, denial, assertiveness, and social withdrawal, and increased affect consciousness. The results remained stable at T3, and the PBT patients even continued their improvement on some scales during follow-up.


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